- British nuclear tests at Maralinga, a series of seven nuclear tests conducted within the Woomera area between 1955 and 1963.
- RAAF Woomera Airfield, the airfield supporting the Woomera Test Range.
- Woomera Immigration Reception and Processing Centre, a detention centre opened nearby in 1999 and operated until 2003. The facility was redesignated Camp Rapier, and used to accommodate Defence personnel working at the Woomera Test Range.
- Island Lagoon Tracking Station
Germany’s use of V-1 flying bombs and V-2 rockets during World War II prompted the British to establish their own rocket testing program.However, the density of population in the United Kingdom made testing risky, so the British turned to Australia, asking for a site with a long testing corridor containing minimal population. The two nations joined in the Anglo-Australian Joint Project, a Commonwealth weapons design and test program established in 1946.Surveying of sites for the test range and its village were carried out by Len Beadell during 1947 in South Australia‘s Far North.Australia was responsible for providing the testing facilities, personnel, and most of the funding, while the United Kingdom supplied most of the scientific equipment and personnel, and in addition to its financial contribution, paid for the weapons being used. The name of the facility, and the village of Woomera, came from the Aboriginal spear-throwing device.At its peak, the range had an area of 270,000 square kilometres (100,000 sq mi), most of which was in South Australia, but included a satellite range in north-west Western Australia.This was later scaled back to a total area of 127,000 square kilometres (49,000 sq mi); still the largest land-based weapons test range in the western world.
Ground Zero is a 1987 Australian drama–thriller about a cinematographer who, prompted by curiosity about some old film footage taken by his father, embarks on a quest to find out the truth about British nuclear tests at Maralinga.
- Video of British Nuclear Tests
- Aerial photo of the Taranaki and Kite test sites (Maralinga village & airfield are situated approx 20 miles to the South)
- Maralinga Rehabilition Project
- Backs to the Blast, an Australian Nuclear Story
- Nuclear fallout hits families
- Scandal of Operation Buffalo
- We were involved in nuke test: veterans
- Australian Atomic Confessions film
From 1957 to 1978, scientists secretly removed bone samples from over 21,000 dead Australians as they searched for evidence of the deadly poison, Strontium 90 – a by-product of nuclear testing. Silent Storm reveals the story behind this astonishing case of officially sanctioned ‘body-snatching’. Set against a backdrop of the Cold War, the saga follows celebrated scientist, Hedley Marston, as he attempts to blow the whistle on radioactive contamination and challenge official claims that British atomic tests posed no threat to the Australian people. Marston’s findings are not only disputed, he is targeted as ‘a scientist of counter-espionage interest’.
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